Recent Changes

Wednesday, April 21

  1. page Ethological Theory edited According to ethologists, a number of the instinctive patterns of behavior in animals are molded by…
    According to ethologists, a number of the instinctive patterns of behavior in animals are molded by the species' evolution. Ethologists therefore study behavior from an evolutionary perspective. They observe behavioral phenomenon in nature like Konrad Lorenz's famous imprinting experiment and try to connect their findings to similar human developmental phenomenon. They have related phenomenon like imprinting, found in nature but not in human newborns, to newborn preferences for things that they experienced in the womb (sounds, smells, etc.) helping them recognize and form emotional attachments to their mother- often their primary caregiver.
    ...
    and that ethologistsethological theory fails
    *All information on this page was derived from source number 2 found on reference page.*
    (view changes)
    8:06 pm
  2. page Ethological Theory edited ... in animals were are molded by Another insight brought to us through the ethological persp…
    ...
    in animals wereare molded by
    Another insight brought to us through the ethological perspective is the evolutionary implication behind children's preferences in play. As ethologists describe it, boys' preference in toys that allow action play (balls, cars) parallels their traditional evolutionary gender role, just as girls' preference in toys that allow nurturant play (dolls) parallels theirs. Critics are not convinced of these evolutionary insights, arguing that their research is inconclusive as far as causation and that ethologists theory fails to paint the "whole story".
    *All information on this page was derived from source number 2 found on reference page.*
    (view changes)
    8:05 pm
  3. page Dodge's Information- Processing Theory of Social Problem Solving edited ... They evaluate the potential success of each of the strategies they came up with They pick the…
    ...
    They evaluate the potential success of each of the strategies they came up with
    They pick the best strategy and then enact the behavior
    ...
    generally found itit- supporting their
    *All information on this page was derived from source number 2 found on reference page.*
    (view changes)
    8:02 pm
  4. page Terms to Know edited ... Transition Period: a phase in which children from as young as seven to ten years old learn tha…
    ...
    Transition Period: a phase in which children from as young as seven to ten years old learn that rules may be made by a group of people (due to their constant peer-play interaction) and begin to think more autonomously about the morality concept.
    Utilization Deficiency: the observable phenomenon in which initial uses of a strategy do not improve memory to the degree that they will in later uses of this same strategy.
    Vicarious Reinforcement: watching someone else receive a punishment or a reward.
    Working Memory: a temporary- storage memory system space in which information from the environment and subject relevant long-term knowledge is processed and kept while it is significant to the activity the individual is working on.
    Zone of Proximal Development: the range of cognitive performance between what children are capable of managing without social scaffolding and how much they are enabled to manage with social scaffolding. (visual illustration on sociocultural theories page)
    (view changes)
    8:00 pm
  5. page Bandura's Social Learning Theory edited ... although boys are were initially more Bandura's research results can also be seen visuall…
    ...
    although boys arewere initially more
    Bandura's research results can also be seen visually represented by clicking on the file below:
    {Bandura's Research.pptx}
    (view changes)
    7:58 pm
  6. page Watson's Behaviorism edited ... environment and that people learned Although Watson's sole emphasis on conditioning and co…
    ...
    environment and that people learned
    Although Watson's sole emphasis on conditioning and conditioning alone as the only influencing factor of behavior is criticized as too simplistic, his concept of systematic desensitization is still widely used today to cure people of their phobias.
    *All information on this page was derived from source number 2 found on reference page.*
    (view changes)
    7:52 pm
  7. page Erikson's Psychosocial Development Theory edited ... Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6 years of age) ... internalized their parent principle, parents…
    ...
    Initiative vs. Guilt
    (3-6 years of age)
    ...
    internalized their parent principle,parents' principles, beliefs, and
    Industry vs.
    Inferiority
    ...
    Identity vs. Role Confusion
    (Adolescence)
    ...
    as adults. (If individuals in this stage try to move on to intimacy without developing a clear sense of self they may adopt their partner's identity in the absence of their own, and be left without one later on in life when their relationship ends)
    Intimacy vs. Isolation
    (20- 24 years of age)
    ...
    Generativity vs. Stagnation
    (25- 64 years of age)
    ...
    generations or failfailing to develop
    ...
    and therefore offeroffering it little.
    Ego Integrity vs. Despair
    (65 years of age- til death)
    (view changes)
    7:51 pm
  8. page Erikson's Psychosocial Development Theory edited ... Trust vs. Mistrust (0-1 year of age) ... they must show warm display warmth and consist…
    ...
    Trust vs. Mistrust
    (0-1 year of age)
    ...
    they must show warmdisplay warmth and consistent
    Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
    (1-3 years of age)
    (view changes)
    7:46 pm
  9. page Freud's Psychosexual Development Theory edited ... (12 years old and up) An individual reaches full sexual maturation and sexual intercourse bec…
    ...
    (12 years old and up)
    An individual reaches full sexual maturation and sexual intercourse becomes a major target for him. If the individual's needs are not meet the individual may become fixated on sex.
    ...
    (anal) and are cognitively ready
    *All information on this page was derived from source number 2 found on reference page.*
    For more information on Freud and his theory consider these sites:
    (view changes)
    7:44 pm
  10. page Freud's Psychosexual Development Theory edited ... "the mind", the unconscious, its influence Stage Description
    ...
    "the mind", the unconscious, its influence
    Stage
    Description
    (view changes)
    7:39 pm

More